Social networking is increasingly being applied to municipalities to improve social-economic performance, improve the relationship between government and the public, and increase benefits for all stakeholders. The literature on social networking stresses that it increases transparency, reduces corruption, and enhances a locale’s ‘smart municipality’ image. However, in spite of the success of social networking in other global contexts there has been no development of a theoretical model that explains the factors that make it effective for improving social and economic conditions in the Shillong region. This article explains how social networking could be applied to the Shillong region to integrate the resources of society to increase benefits for all stakeholders. Thus, this article contributes to literature on social networking by explaining how the fundamental concepts and principles related to social networking provide the basis for a theory of how the concept can improve social conditions.
Due to limited literature available to highlight the economic level and status for states and districts of North east India, the present study attempts to capture the same by extracting the information on living standards of people through the eight variables collected during the 2001 and 2011 census. Standard of living index is constructed through the use of principal component analysis, where states and districts in the region are ranked. This study can have important policy implications, concerning directing the resources to those districts of the region which have slip in the rank between the two censuses.
There is a popular notion that ‘literature’ is primarily written or printed. Another western concept is that it is the written word that is legitimate or valid and modern or progressive, whereas the spoken word is a representative of the primitive or uncivilized world. These notions have been challenged time and again by alternative textualities such as oral traditions, paintings and illustrations. The oral tradition of storytelling has been in vogue since time immemorial across many communities of India as well as the rest of the world. These stories would serve as a grand repository of memories and histories of the respective societies through the power of the spoken word. But with rapid urbanization, these stories are faced first with distortion and then with extinction, as the storytellers of the older generation pass away. This paper attempts to understand the storytelling tradition of Manipur, popularly known as the Wari-Leeba (that forms an integral part and parcel of the Meitei culture) as well to find out probable causes of its declining/deteriorating status in the adjacent state of Tripura that is a home to a good number of Meitei population.
The problem of HIV/AIDS is not only a medical problem but it is increasingly recognised as a social problem. It is important to examine the many influences in the society that have a bearing on HIV/AIDS. Development of an appropriate respond to HIV/AIDS requires an understanding of the specific society, its history, its culture and its dynamic. Social issues surrounding the risk of HIV/AIDS and its infection are important ones that illuminate a number of social problems and value conflicts within the society. This paper attempts to address the social dimension of the causes and impact of HIV/ AIDS in the district of Churachandpur, Manipur. It is observed that various social activities such as tribal festivals, youth activities and even faith-based festivals play significant role in contributing to the spread of the diseases among the youth. There are diverse responses with regard to the general attitudes towards the infectants where benevolent feeling and sympathy are shown by the families and society broadly.
The internet of things(IoT) is defined in many different ways, and it encompasses many aspects of life from connected homes and cities to connected cars and roads, roads to devices that track an individual’s behavior and use the data collected for push services. IoT wants to connect all potential objects to interact each other on the internet to provide secure and comfort life for humans. IoT makes our world as possible as connected together. Our project focuses on to design a seat detection system to identify the vacant seats in a specified location. The system uses sensors, microcontrollers, keypad algorithm and wifi module to identify the vacant seats. The microcontroller sends data to the LCD to display the availability of seats. The wifi module is connected externally to the microcontroller from which the information is transferred to the cloud storage where information is displayed through the web pages and other smart devices.
Background & Purpose:
Promotion of Post Graduate Medical Education (PGME) is constantly one of the main concerns’ for medical education policy makers. This study aimed to determine challenges and potential solutions for promoting the PGME in Iran by exploring the expert’s opinion.
Methods: in this applied qualitative research, Using purposive sampling, seven experts and key decision makers in Iran’s medical education system, selected and invited to participate in a panel of experts’ session. The panel was conducted in May 2015 for 120 minutes and the data analyzed by thematic framework approach.
Challenges and associated solutions for promoting the PGME in Iran were identified in 10 main themes, 34 subthemes for challenges and 43 subthemes for proposed solutions. These themes were framed in three main tasks of stewardship in the medical education system.
10 main themes for key challenges and solutions; included goal and mission, systematic management, curriculum, residents, faculty members, resources and infrastructures, Program evaluation, developing new programs, and Presence in the International Arena, and intersectional cooperation.
The main themes and subthemes were categorized within the framework of educational macro policy making, intro educational system governance, and intersectional leadership.
Conclusion: This study, proposed some applied solutions to promote the postgraduate medical education of the highest quality in response to community and health system demands.
Keywords: post graduate medical education, Medical specialty education, specialty programs, subspecialty programs, educational quality, development, expansion of educational programs, challenges, solutions,
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisis a valuable ornamental species widely planted in Egypt. The Phytoplasma associated witches’-Broom has been detected on symptomatic hibiscus plants. Samples of hibiscus leaves were collected from El Giza, Alexandria, Qlubia, El-Fayom, and El-Mansoura governorates and analyzed for phytoplasma infection. The collected hibiscus plants showed characteristic symptoms for Phytoplasma associated witches’-Broom disease, which is characterized by excessive axillary branching, abnormally small leaves, and deformed flowers. Dienes’ stain was used for detection of witches’ broom infection midribs of the symptomatic hibiscus plant. The phloem of infected tissues showed scattered area stained bright blue. Molecular detection utilizing nested and direct PCR as well as DNA sequencing was used for the diagnosis of the witches’ Broom infection. Total DNA was isolated from leaf tissues of infected hibiscus plants. Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed using the universal - phytoplasma specific primers; P1/P7, R16F2n/R16R2. Witches’ broom specific primers SR1/SR2, at the spacer region (SR), were used for the direct PCR. Amplicons of expected size characteristic for phytoplasma associated witches’ broom were obtained from infected hibiscus samples. DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene fragment from the hibiscus witches' broom phytoplasma showed 100% homology with the same region of the hibiscus witches' broom strain that isolated in Brazil (Phytoplasma Brasiliense). The DNA sequence was submitted for the gene bank as the first report of the Brasiliense phytoplasma associated witches’ broom affecting hibiscus in Egypt.